Theses heroes are also rule-breakers. They break moral rules and they break the law of the land. They are not above rules but it seems to us like they should be. They live by consequentialism. That is that if something will have good consequences that makes it good even if the act would normally be viewed as evil. Now one of consequentialism's big problems is it assumes we are smart enough and unbiased enough to predict what will happen. So it makes sense that our heroes would be free from this. They are smart enough and cold enough to analyze the data rationally
This brings up another thing these heroes have in common. They are all socially inept. They suppress their feelings. They don't suppress their pride. They insult people frequently. Not jokingly ribbing someone but seriously questioning their competence. Jack Bauer is a bit of an exception here. He has family issues and drug issues and authority issues but he is different. He is more sympathetic while the others are offensive.
On the positive side they are all decisive. They are not afraid to take risks for what they feel is right. The scripts do tend to push them into places where they can't remain as cold as they would like. There is a sense that we like to see these emotionless men crack and show a sensitive side. We tend to have faith that it is there despite all the evidence.
It seems to present a false choice. Either we think or we trust. Either we embrace reason and logic or we obey the rules. That somehow you can't do both. That being a loyal employee or even a law abiding citizen is for second class people.
The truth is that smart people are more productive when they can work with other smart people. That requires they are able to take leadership from someone and work withing a larger organization. It actually does not stifle thought if it is done right.
The church has this dynamic to. Protestant pastors often have huge freedom and are unwilling or unable to take direction from anyone. They have their own church. They choose their own theological positions. Their is no meaningful reporting structure.